A private limited company is a company which is made to look after small businesses. A Private Limited Company is defined under Sec. 2 (68) of Companies Ac, 2013.
To start a Pvt. Ltd. Company, atleast 2 members are required and a maximum number of 200 members can be there.
The liability of every shareholder is limited in the company. In other words, a shareholder of a public limited company is not personally responsible for any kind of loss or debts occur to the company. Partners have joint and several liability in these companies.
However, this character of a public company does not offer any immunity to the respected shareholders. The shareholders will be held liable for their own illegal acts.
Private limited companies are required to have minimum paid-up capital of Rs one lakh or can be higher amount as per the provisions under Act.
A prospectus is statement of the affairs of the company issued to the general public. But issuance of prospectus is not mandatory for private companies.
It is a compulsory under the Companies Act, 2013 for all the private companies to use the suffix ‘private limited’ after their name. Name of the company must fulfill all the necessary requirements under the Act.
As per the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 to start a private limited company, two directors are required.
A company keeps going, even after its members declared insolvent or bankrupt. A private limited company never dies.
Public limited company can take legal action against a person and also other person can take legal action against company.
Shares can be transferred by owner himself, there is no such long procedure in private companies.
When we talk about forming a private limited company, there has been some mandatory legal requirements which needs to be fulfilled. In these companies list is shorter unlike public companies.
Minimum share capital
For a private limited company, earlier there was a minimum number of the share capital was Rs. 1,00,000, but in present scenario there is no such minimum compulsion. However, there is no pressure of fund requirements.
Stock market pressure
In private companies there is not stock market pressure, they can work according to their strategies whether it is long term or short term.
After getting a name for the company, there are some steps by which a private limited company can be registered easily.
Step 1: Application is made for DSC (Digital Signature Certificate) and DIN (Director Identification Number)
Step 2: An application is required to be made for the selection of the name of the company
Step 3: The MOA and AOA must be filed to register the private limited company
Step 4: PAN and TAN of the company is also a mandatory condition to register the company
Step 5: After PAN and TAN, certificate of incorporation is issued to company by RoC with PAN and TAN
Step 6: After getting all these, an account must be opened on the name of the company.
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