ZED- Zero Defect Zero effect is an integrated and inclusive certification scheme which accounts to production, quality, pollution, energy efficient, economical status, human resources and technology which includes design and Intellectual Property Rights in products and process both.
For the benefit of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), Financial support to MSMEs in ZED Certification Schemes has been introduced by The Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises of Government of India.
This certification scheme is for all the sectors of manufacturing industries. Main focus of ZED scheme will be on MSME and small business groups. It will takes care of quality and ecological needs of customers worldwide, society, employees, partners, investors and regulators.
ZED certification is not mandatory, it is a voluntary scheme which provides a way to compete globally.
ZED schemes focuses on development of Indian industry and leads it to a position of distinction throughout the world’s market and grasp India’s emergence as the supplier worldwide by “Made in India” mark.
For advancement and implementation of ZED culture in India on this basis of
Zero Defect principle : This principle basically focuses on customer.
Zero Effect principle : This principle focuses on society.
Zero pollution which includes air pollution, liquid discharge and solid waste
Zero wastage of natural resources
Promotion of quality tools and energy efficient manufacturing
To develop an ecosystem for Zero defect manufacturing in MSME
Encourage MSME to manufacture the good quality products
Manufacture on the basis of principle of Zero defect production and does not have an impact on environment
Support the Made In India campaign
For growth of professionals in manufacturing and certification of ZED
To create awareness on ZED model
The ecosystem of ZED has energetic system and processes which are expected to play a specific role in future.
It has been obligatory for the ecosystem of ZED to collaborate for cooperative agreements, knowledge sharing and distribution of information to foreign investors.
The ZED model is made to achieve public attainment, policy intervention, participation in Public & Private agenda settings, introduce changes within the society and provide facility for public argumentation.
Award Reward system on performance basis
Motivation and encouragement to MSMEs
Publicity of high performance of MSMEs
Basis to International standards
Recognition of MSME for international investors who seeks investment in India
Chain of suppliers on national, international level
Increase in environmental consciousness and social benefits as well
ZEE mark which made MSME to be seen as company
There may be some other benefits which are provided by Government
In general, there are 50 parameters for the assessment of MSMEs.
Applicant has to fulfil the 20 essential parameters and ten other parameters. Therefore, MSMEs are to be assessed on a minimum no. of 30 parameters.
MSMEs may ask ZED for rating on parameters more than 30, it depends on the system available at MSME.
Every parameter consists of 5 levels
Basis of the rating is weighted average level.
The company is motivated and trained to achieve a higher level for parameters and therefore, promote itself in maturity model.
The MSMEs are assessed on a particular number of parameters only. These parameters includes :
Capability of manufacturing and designing
Assurance systems for quality, safety and environment
System consists of people development and engagement
Legal compliances which include hygienic factors
Learning and improvement system
Systems for the measurement and standardization of quality and environment
At operational level, parameters are :
Facilitators for product quality
Coordinators for emission, effluent and waste disposal activities
Resource management facilitators
Step 1 : registration must be done online. For this MSME must have a working email id and mobile number to start the registration process.
Step 2 : self-assessment is also done online. Here MSME may be asked some relevant questions.
Step 3 : Desktop assessment. In this Quality Council of India evaluate the answers which were submitted by MSME
Step 4 : assessment of site which may also include additional defence assessment. It may take 4 man days
Step 5 : ZED rating and certification which may also include additional defence rating
Step 6 : gap analysis and hand holding. This hand holding process may take 6 months.
Step 7 : Re-assessment must be done
After the evaluations, final rating has to be provided to MSME which is valid for the period of four years only. Certificate needs to be renewed after the expiry of 4 years.
Training & certification
Gap analysis & hand holding
Assessment & rating
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